I am not going to bore you with the NPK chemistry but instead, am going to give practical advice that anyone can follow to get near-perfect gardening soil in your own backyard or apartment.
Step 1: What You Need For The Perfect Gardening Soil
- Watering Can
- Wheelbarrow or newspaper that you can spread on the ground to mix your soil
- Generic soil either purchased or from your existing garden if you have one
- One box of worm eggs
- One bag of blood and bone
- One bag of Chicken Manure or Cows Manure
- One Bag of Gardening Sand
- Few handfuls of old coffee grinds
- Non-dyed mulch
- 1 can of coke and 1 room temperature beer
Step 2: Decide Whether You Are Making Mother Soil or A Starter Soil
If you are making a mother soil to kick start your composting then you can go right ahead and mix all of those ingredients on top with 10% sand as follows:
- The first layer is mulch
- The second layer is chicken or cows manure
- The third layer is a mix of 10% gardening sand, coffee grinds, worm eggs, several handfuls of blood and bone, and generic soil. Mix this on newspaper or a wheelbarrow before adding to the layers
- You do not have to cover this
- Put the coke and beer into the watering can add water until full. Then water this mother soil
You can either cover this and come back in 8 months or leave it uncovered for 12 months and then come back to it.
If you are making a starter soil then you can just go ahead and mix everything as follows:
- 20% sand
- 60% generic soil
- 10% manure
- 10% blood and bone / coffee grinds/worm eggs
- Mulch on top after you have planted your plant
Why use sand?
Sand does two things – It allows your soil to drain excess water and allows roots to move easily through the soil to access air pockets easily.
Step 3: Plant Your Plant, Water Twice Per Week And Watch It Grow
You could be planting an avocado or chili seed but after using this soil mix you only need to water twice per week until they start to flower – once they start to flower, fertilize again with manure and water three times per week.